HISTORY OF PESHTEMAL
The peshtemal is a Turkish traditional towel used in the Turkish baths. There are many kinds of peshtemals with different styles and colors in each local area in Turkey.
In old times, Peshtemal is used to cover the body in hammam or bath, or wrapped from the waist to prevent contamination of clothes while working. Peshtemal has reached to the present from the historic Turkish hammam era. It has a history of nearly six hundred years in Anatolia.
The history of the peshtemal, or Turkish towel is closely tied to the history of Hamams. The first Turkish Hamams, or public baths, were built in the 14th century, drawing on inspiration from Roman baths. Hamams include hot steam rooms and cold water for bathing. The baths provided relaxation, socialization, and rid the body of toxins for a number of health benefits. The peshtemal, a thin towel that is soft, thin, and quick to dry, was the main material used in the Hamam. It could be wrapped around the body as clothing while in the baths. Its ability to dry very quickly also made it perfect to dry the body after bathing. Just as the Hamam had a central role in Turkish culture, so too did the peshtemal.
The peshtemal became even more culturally significant in the 17th century. In the Ottoman palace, the royal women and courtiers wanted peshtemals that were increasingly beautiful and ornate. They hired weavers to design beautifully decorated peshtemals. Also According to the ancient Turkish traditions when a couple decided to marry they were giving to each other bath set as a gift. Peshtemal was the most indispensable piece of this set. This Turkish hand-woven has also been used for clothing in the old days. Later both was changed the form and was varied.